Sagrada Familia, western side

Catalan Modernisme and Gaudi

Barcelona is the capital of Catalonia, an autonomous region of Spain. Located next to France on the Mediterranean, Catalonia has a stronger European influence than Madrid and southern Spain have. One area is architecture.

Antonio Gaudi’s La Sagrada Familia is the best-known example of Catalan Modernisme architecture. Like its contemporary art nouveau movement, modernisme is based on flowing curves rather than straight lines.

La Sagrada Familia was started 130 years ago and is still under construction. The nativity facade is extremely ornate.

Sagrada Familia, nativity facade
Sagrada Familia, nativity facade
Sagrada Familia, nativity door
Sagrada Familia, nativity door

On the opposite side of the church, the passion facade is stark and spare.

Sagrada Familia, passion facade
Sagrada Familia, passion facade

Gaudi noticed that the traditional architectural shapes — triangles, squares, and rectangles — don’t appear in nature. Instead, he employed conical shapes found in bones, fingers, and trees.

Gaudi designed this apartment building called Casa Mila, also known as La Pedrera, the stone quarry. Completed in 1910, Casa Mila is on the most fashionable street on Barcelona, and it does not fit in with the neighborhood.

Casa Mila
Casa Mila

Note the undulating facade.

Casa Mila entrance
Casa Mila entrance

Gaudi’s Casa Batilo is a few blocks down the same fashionable street. See the use of color and the fanciful roof.

Casa Batilo
Casa Batilo
Casa Batilo first floor
Casa Batilo first floor
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charley280

I enjoy travel, art, food, photography, nature, California native plants, history, and yoga. I am a retired software engineer. The gravatar is a Nuttall's woodpecker that visited our backyard.

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